[Easttimorstudies] Four recent articles on Timor-Leste

Jennifer Drysdale jenster at cres10.anu.edu.au
Mon Oct 9 15:44:47 EST 2006


Journal of East Asian Studies, Volume 5, Number 1, 2006, pp. 101-130(30)

The Double Task: Nation- and State-Building in Timor-Leste

Borgerhoff, Andre

Timor-Leste has been facing the arduous task of 
building a viable nation-state since the 
country's 2002 restoration of independence. The 
dual challenge consists of interdependent efforts 
at nation-building and state-building. The author 
discusses both terms with regard to their 
relevance to public education and economic 
development. He raises the question of why 
nation-building and state-building experience 
rather contrary prioritisations in these 
functionally close policy fields. In the 
educational sector, government activities 
demonstrate Fretilin's orientation towards 
Portuguese-speaking countries. The introduction 
of Portuguese as an official language has 
accentuated existing lingual and generational 
cleavage lines. Economic policy in Timor-Leste, 
however, tends to be more pragmatic and less 
ideological. The article aims to make an 
innovative contribution to the interrelationship 
of nation-building and economic development by 
addressing important issues on the agenda such as 
the exploitation of oil, agriculture, tourism, 
the economic dependency on the former oppressor 
Indonesia, and foreign aid. The author argues 
that economic growth will eventually shape the 
future format of the East Timorese nation as 
either a new self-confident political player or a withdrawn peasant nation.

Leiden Journal of International Law
(2006), 19: 305-337 Cambridge University Press

Legal Pluralism and the Rule of Law in Timor Leste



Many transitional countries face the problem of 
establishing the rule of law in a weak justice 
sector where a gulf separates local legal norms 
from national, constitutional norms that are 
drawn largely from the international sphere. As a 
case study of East Timor this article challenges 
simplistic positivist notions about the normative 
hierarchy of laws within a constitutionally 
bounded polity. It argues that in transitional 
countries such as East Timor legal pluralism is 
important but must be properly tuned to serve the 
rule of law. Legal pluralism poses certain 
dangers when it operates without any of the 
checks or balances that ensure accountability and 
the promotion of constitutional values such as 
equality. The rule of law is not served by an 
informal system where there are no formal avenues 
of appeal and thus minimal accountability and 
transparency. A more promising version of legal 
pluralism that comports with the rule of law is 
one that empowers the state to monitor local 
decisions to ensure that they observe the norms 
set out in East Timor's Constitution.


Medicine, Volume 171, Number 1, January 2006, pp. 29-36(8)
of Military Surgeons Of The U.S.

Humanitarian Aid Mission in East Timor: 
Experiences of U.S. Naval Medical Services

Authors: Carrigan, 

The U.S. military was actively involved in 
humanitarian aid throughout the world for much of 
the 20th century and is likely to continue in 
this role well into the 21st century. During the 
recent Western Pacific Deployment, we were called 
on to provide assistance to the local population 
in East Timor in what is called a humanitarian 
assistance operation. This article explores this 
increasingly important role of military medicine 
and is written in hopes of providing insight to 
future teams planning altruistic deployments to 
underserved countries. The spectrum of topics 
covered includes personnel, equipment, supplies, 
resources, and the type of medical needs that 
were met. This information may also be useful as 
a reference for military and nonmilitary health 
care workers who find themselves assisting people and nations in need.

Australian Journal of Earth Sciences
   Publisher:  Taylor & Francis
   Issue:  Volume 53, Number 4 / August 2006
   Pages:  637 - 649

Whole-rock geochemistry of the Hili Manu 
peridotite, East Timor: implications for the origin of Timor ophiolites *

T. J. Falloon , R. F. Berry , P. Robinson , A. J. Stolz

School of Earth Sciences and Centre for Marine 
Science, University of Tasmania, GPO Box 252-79, Hobart, Tas. 7001, Australia
School of Earth Sciences and CODES, University of 
Tasmania, GPO Box 252-79, Hobart, Tas. 7001, Australia


The Hili Manu peridotite occupies a key position 
at the outer limit of continental crust on the 
north coast of East Timor. Most models for the 
tectonic evolution of the Outer Banda Arc 
interpret peridotite bodies on Timor, such as 
Hili Manu, as fragments of young oceanic 
lithosphere from the Banda Arc (upper plate). 
However, recent workers have used major-element 
geochemistry to argue that the peridotite bodies 
on Timor were derived from the Australian 
subcontinental lithosphere. Our major, trace and 
isotopic geochemical study of the Hili Manu 
peridotite body supports a supra-subduction 
origin from either a forearc or backarc position 
for the Hili Manu peridotite. In particular, the 
wide range in Nd and Sr isotopic compositions, 
overlapping that of arc volcanics from the Sunda 
– Banda Island arc, and highly fractionated Nb/Ta 
values indicate a supra-subduction setting. As 
there is no evidence for subduction beneath the 
rifted Australian continental margin, it is 
unlikely that the Hili Manu peridotite is 
Australian subcontinental lithosphere. This 
result, along with the clear supra-subduction 
setting of the Ocuzzi peridotite and associated 
volcanics in West Timor, gives support to the 
interpretation that the Miocene collision between 
the Banda Arc and the Australian continental 
margin has produced widespread ‘Cordilleran’-style ophiolites on Timor.

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