Ethnicity and Nationality
Thomas H. Slone
THSlone at yahoo.com
Mon May 13 22:12:08 EST 2002
Here are some words and phrases for ethnicity (mostly pejorative) and
nationality that I've collected. Comments? Additions?
as bilong sospen: a North Solomonese (pejorative) (Griffin 1989: 26)
blak sospan: a North Solomonese (pejorative) (Slone, 1995: 84)
blakpela waitman: an African-American (Slone, 1995: 84)
bret skin: a person from Port Moresby; a Papuan (i.e., someone from
ex-British New Guinea) (Slone, 1995: 84)
Buka: 1. a crow 2. a dark-skinned person 3. a North Solomonese
(pejorative if referring to someone from Bougainville) 4. black; very
dark (Mihalic, 1971: 78). Buka was once used by colonialists to refer
to anyone from what is now P.N.G. (Nash and Ogan, 1990: 6). From a
North Solomons language, meaning "what?" or "who?" (Wheeler and
Everist, 1988: 301) [Can anyone veryify this or pinpoint the
Chimbu, Simbu: 1. someone from Simbu Province 2. other Highlanders
(pejorative) [Nash and Ogan, 1990: 6, 11]. Joe Leahy remembered in
Connolly and Anderson (1987: 288), "A lot of mixed races said, 'You
shouldn't go round with the kanakas, stupid! You're not allowed!'
They called us names-bush kanakas, cannibals, Chimbus.'"
Franis / Ples bilong ol man wiwi: France (Balzer, 1999: 114). Compare
to the English use of "wi-wi" (oui-oui) as pejorative for the French
(Hughes, 1991: 129)
Holan: 1. Hold on! (Mihalic, 1971: 98) 2. Holland (Balzer et al., 1999: 114)
Inglan: England (Balzer et al., 1999: 114)
Jeman / Jerman / Siamani: Germany (Mihalic, 1971: 101; Balzer et al.,
Kanada: Canada (Balzer et al., 1999: 114)
Kongkong: 1. a Chinese; a Malay (both pejorative) 2. adze (slang)
3. Chinese taro (a.k.a. "taro Kongkong"). Many of the Chinese in
P.N.G. originated from Hong Kong. "Kong" may have been Australian
slang for Chinese (e.g., see Leahy and Crain, 1937: 56).
Niu Silan: New Zealand (Balzer et al., 1999: 114) [better spelled as Nu Silan]
Nu Kaledonia: New Caledonia (Wantok newspaper)
Osenia, Osenia Rijon: Oceania (Wantok newspaper)
retskin: 1. a Highlander (pejorative). Lit. "red skin," as some
Highlanders have reddish skin (Nash and Ogan, 1990: 9-12) 2. by
extension, any non-Bougainvillean Papua New Guinean (pejorative)
(Oliver, 1991: 223)
Siapan: Japan (Balzer et al., 1999: 114)
Solomon Ailan: Solomon Islands (Balzer et al., 1999: 114)
waitskin: 1. a white person 2. a European (Mihalic, 1971: 200) 3.
a Chinese (pejorative) (Strathern, 1975: 288) 4. an albino. Lit.
Westen: regional adjective for "Western", e.g., Westen Hailans, Westen Samoa
yeloskin: a person from Milne Bay Province (pejorative) (Slone, 1995: 99)
Balzer, Trevor; Lee, Ernie; Mülhäusler, Peter; Monaghan, Paul;
Angelo, Denise & Ober, Dana (1999). Pidgin Phrasebook. Hawthorn,
Victoria, Australia: Lonely Planet.
Connolly, Bob and Anderson, Robin (1987). First Contact: New Guinea's
Highlanders Encounter the Outside World. New York: Viking Penguin.
Griffin, James (1989). "Bougainvilleans: A people apart." Islands
Business 15(7): 26-28.
Hughes, Geoffrey (1991). Swearing: A Social History of Foul Language,
Oaths and Profanity in English. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Basil
Leahy, Michael J., and Crain, Maurice (1937). The Land That Time
Forgot: Adventures and Discoveries in New Guinea. New York: Funk &
Nash, Jill and Ogan, Eugene (1990). "The red and the black:
Bougainvillean perceptions of other Papua New Guineans." Pacific
Studies 13(2): 1-17.
Oliver, Douglas (1991). Black Islanders: A Personal Perspective of
Bougainville 1937-1991. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Slone, Thomas H. (1995). Tok nogut: An introduction to malediciton in
Papua New Guinea. Maledicta: The International Journal of Verbal
Aggression 11: 75-104.
Strathern, Marilyn (1975). No Money on Our Skins: Hagen Migrants in
Port Moresby. New Guinea Research Bulletin, No. 61. Canberra: New
Guinea Research Unit, The Australian National University.
Wheeler, Tony, and Everist, Richard (1988). Papua New Guinea: A
Travel Survival Kit. Fourth Edition. Berkeley, California: Lonely
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