[TimorLesteStudies] New Article: Attitudes Towards the Legal Context of Unsafe Abortion in Timor-Leste

Bu Wilson bu.wilson at anu.edu.au
Fri Feb 26 03:19:52 EST 2010

Belton, Suzanne, Whittaker, Andrea, Fonseca, Zulmira, Wells-Brown, Tanya and Pais, Patricia, Attitudes Towards the Legal Context of Unsafe Abortion in Timor-Leste (November 1, 2009). Reproductive Health Matters, Vol. 17, No. 34, pp. 55-64, November 2009. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1543797

  The new Penal Code in 2009 was an opportunity for Timor-Leste to allow some legal grounds for abortion, which was highly restricted under Indonesian rule. Public debate was contentious before ratification of the new code, which allowed abortion to save a woman’s life and health. A month later, 13 amendments to the code were passed, highly restricting abortion again. This paper describes the socio-legal context of unsafe abortion in Timor-Leste, based on research in 2006–08 on national laws and policies and interviews with legal professionals, police, doctors and midwives, and community-based focus group discussions. Data on unsafe abortions in Timor-Leste are rarely recorded. A small number of cases of abortion and infanticide are reported but are rarely prosecuted, due to deficiencies in evidence and procedure. While there are voices supporting law reform, the Roman Catholic church heavily influences public policy and opinion. Professional views on when abortion should be legal varied, but in the community people believed that saving women’s lives was paramount and came before the law. The revised Penal Code is insufficient to reduce unsafe abortion and maternal mortality. Change will be slow, but access to safe abortion and modern contraception are crucial to women’s ability to participate fully as citizens in Timor-Leste.  

 Keywords:  unsafe abortion, maternal mortality, law and policy, criminalisation, Timor-Leste  

Bu V.E. Wilson
ARC Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security  CEPS  | Regulatory Institutions Network  RegNet  | The Australian National University | Canberra ACT 0200 | AUSTRALIA | Mob: 0407 087 086
http://ceps.anu.edu.au | http://regnet.anu.edu.au

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